In many countries, a new school year is getting started, and it’s important for teachers to take the time to give shape to their class, together with their children. One important piece to begin with, is the class rules. I’ve written about this earlier, in the blog “The happy classroom“. Children feel safer in a classroom with simple, consistent boundaries, so it’s important that teachers have a simple set of rules they can easily explain and live by.
It’s also important that these rules be easily explained. A visual aid, such as a poster, can be really useful for this. This is where Sparklebox comes in. This site has all sorts of free, downloadable materials for all sorts of classroom needs, it also has a page full of clearly-illustrated posters for classroom management.
Myself, I used my own cards to clarify my rules. I had three simple flashcards illustrating expected behavior: “listening”, “raise your hand”, and “sit on your chair”. I had these in a visible area – on the carpet during circle time, for instance – and when I needed to correct a child, all I needed to do was say “uh-oh, listening!” and point to the picture of “listening”. For older children, I would write the word on the board, next to the flashcard, so they could learn to read the word as I used them in class.
Another thing I did was to visibly to structure the lessons. I created cards that illustrated what would happen in the course of the lesson, such as a book (story time), a pawn (game), two children talking (speaking practice), and so on. I put magnetic tape on the backs of the cards so they could stick to the white board. At the start of the lesson, I would hang the cards in their proper order and name them, and as we proceeded through the lesson, the corresponding card would be highlighted by hanging it a bit higher on the board. The autistic children appreciated having the structure of the lesson made visible, and others could see just where we were and what they could expect next. As an aside, I was a “traveling” teacher, often teaching six to eight lessons a day in as many classrooms, and so this tactic also helped me keep track of where I was in each lesson.
Whatever we do, however, let’s remember three things: keep it simple, keep it clear, and keep it positive!